This Week in DPPA: 10 – 16 September 2022 | Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs – Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs


This week, Under-Secretary-General Rosemary DiCarlo attended the meeting of the Council of Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) in Samarkand, Uzbekistan. She told the summit that global peace and security environment was more volatile than in at least the last 30 years and that the risk of catastrophic miscalculation or escalation was growing. She also stressed that the situation in Afghanistan was a major concern for the region, noting that SCO States have already assumed great responsibility in this regard. Before and during the Summit, the USG met with, among others, the President and Foreign Minister of Uzbekistan, the Special Representative of the President of Uzbekistan for Foreign Affairs, the Secretary General of the SCO and the Foreign Ministers of Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Iran. She also had discussions on the margins of the Summit with other leaders.

On 15 September, Assistant-Secretary-General Miroslav Jenča briefed the Security Council on the recent clashes between Azerbaijan and Armenia. He said the parties “must abide by their obligation to fully implement the Trilateral statement on the ceasefire of 9 November 2020.” He also noted the 14 September announcement that a ceasefire had been agreed starting at 8 p.m. local time, underlining that the UN welcomed the announcement and hoped the ceasefire would hold. 

On 13 September, SRSG Volker Perthes briefed the Council on the situation in Sudan. He underscored that “the overall situation will continue to worsen unless a political situation is found to restore a credible, fully functioning civilian-led government.” On the political process, he said the President of the Sovereign Council, General Abdelfattah Burhan, announced the military’s intention to withdraw from politics, an announcement which large parts of the public doubted but nevertheless did generate momentum among civilian forces, and several major initiatives aimed at reaching a common “civilian” vision have emerged in response.
Read full remarks here

On 14 September, Deputy Special Envoy for Syria Najat Rochdi briefed the Council on the situation in that country. She stressed that “the political process will not advance meaningfully or sustainably until violence is curtailed and ultimately ends.” She also said that, despite calls for restraint, Syrian civilians are still being killed, detained, displaced and unable to return home safely. Even in the past two weeks of relative calm, there have been ongoing exchanges of rocket and artillery fire, as well as violent incidents by illicit terrorist groups.
Watch full remarks here

The Development Support Office (DSO) in the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) Erbil Regional Office, in partnership with the Kurdistan Region’s Ministry of Planning, conducted a one-day training on 13 September, with the objective of empowering 20 technical staff of the Ministry to build and foster collaborative relationships with relevant stakeholders with whom they can engage and monitor implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). 
Link for reference here

On 8 September, as part of the activities commemorating the “Week for Peace,” the UN Verification Mission in Colombia participated in a forum with former combatants and local, regional, and national authorities on the “Challenges of socio-economic, collective and community reincorporation in Cundinamarca,” the department surrounding the Colombian capital, Bogotá. At the forum, participants share their views and experiences to strengthen reconciliation in Colombia.
Read more here
On 10th September, trainings on peace and dialogue for young leaders and community members were held in Peace Clubs in Nampula province, Mozambique. Peace Clubs play an important role in the disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) process and are helping to build sustainable ties between DDR beneficiaries and receiving communities. Through a network of interfaith religious and social leaders, the clubs promote non-violence and peace education using existing structures within 21 districts of six different provinces in Mozambique.
To watch a video on Peace Clubs in Mozambique, click here

On 13 September, the recently appointed Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Central Africa and Head of UNOCA, Abdou Abarry, was received by the President of Gabon, Ali Bongo Ondimba, and had a working session with the Gabonese Minister of Foreign Affairs, Michael Moussa-Adamo. During the audience with the Gabonese Head of State, SRSG Abarry, who arrived in Libreville on 9 September to take up his duties, underlined that Gabon will continue to be one of the main partners for the implementation of UNOCA’s mandate, particularly as assumes important responsibilities at regional and international levels, including as member of the Security Council and the United Nations Human Rights Council.

In the southwest of Colombia, in a small town called Villavieja in the department of Huila, a group of 50 former combatants members of a fish cooperative achieved, on 12 September, their first successful fish catch of the year, harvesting more than 15 tons of fish. The initiative is one of the projects of the cooperative Social Economies of the Common (ECOMUN), an organization of more than 120 groupings of former combatants, victims of the conflict, and peasants. The UN Verification Mission in Colombia, the European Union, the Government of Huila, and the Colombian Agency for Reincorporation (ARN) all support the project to strengthen the reconciliation process.

On 14 September, DPPA launched its Guidance on Mediation of Ceasefires, which draws on the extensive knowledge of ceasefire experts and mediation practitioners, both from the United Nations and beyond. The document includes vital information on terminology and typology of ceasefires, offering a variety of cases and illustrations from around the globe. The Guidance was launched at a high-level hybrid event held at the International Peace Institute, which opened with welcoming remarks from Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein, IPI President and Chief Executive Officer. Speakers included Nicholas Haysom, Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for South Sudan (UNMISS); Karin Landgren, Executive Director of Security Council Report; and Jeffery Mapendere of the Reconstituted Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission in South Sudan.
Read more here

The United Nations Office to the African Union (UNOAU) has just launched an e-book, She Stands for Peace, as part of its efforts of to support the implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325. The book features the stories and experiences of 20 African women and three women’s organizations working for peace and security on the continent. The e-book is available free of charge to read online here


 
On 13 September, DPPA and the UN Development Programme (UNDP) held a side event on South-South and Triangular Cooperation at the Global South-South Development Expo. Participants included Assistant-Secretary-General Elizabeth Spehar, UNDP Assistant-Secretary-General Haoliang Xu. Panelists included the Permanent Representative of India, Ruchira Kamboj, and the Permanent Representative of Sierra Leone, Fanday Turay. A member of DPPA’s Standby Team of Senior Mediation Advisers, Juanita Millan, discussed her experience leading a course on women and ceasefires, which promotes knowledge and expertise exchanges among women from the Global South. 

On 13 September, Assistant-Secretary-General Spehar met with a delegation of the Sub-Committee on the United Nations, International Organisations and Civilian Peacebuilding of the German Bundestag, the national parliament. They discussed the impact on multilateralism of current global challenges, including the war in Ukraine, COVID-19 and climate change.  The members of parliament were particularly interested in the complementarities of peacekeeping and peacebuilding efforts in the Sahel, the Peacebuilding Fund’s support in transition and cross-border contexts, and cooperation with national governments and local civil society. Germany is a member of the Peacebuilding Commission and a top donor to the Secretary General’s Peacebuilding Fund. 
On 22 September, the Security Council will meet to discuss the situation in Ukraine.

DPPA-DPO convenes a high-level event on the Sahel on the margins of the 77th General Assembly
On 22 September, the United Nations Secretary-General, the Chairperson of the AU Commission, the President of the ECOWAS Commission and the Executive Secretary of the G5 Sahel will convene a high-level event on the Sahel on the margins of the 77th General Assembly of the United Nations in September 2022. His Excellency Mr. Mahamadou Issoufou, former President of the Republic of Niger, Chairman of the Independent High-Level Panel on Security, Governance and Development in the Sahel, will provide an update on the status and next steps of the Panel’s assessment.
 
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